Dec 30, 2016

Final Fantasy X: Yuna is Jesus Christ [SPOILERS]

[SPOILERS WARNING] This essay contains huge spoilers of Final Fantasy X! 

Maybe it's because it's nearing the end (of the year) or maybe sleep deprivation has gone to my head, but yesterday as I was walking around the kitchen waiting for my noodles to boil, it suddenly hit me:

Yuna is Jesus Christ.

Yesus Christ

Before you think I've inhaled too much noodle steam, hear me out:

What I've always liked about the Final Fantasy series are their complexity: The games are not like Super Mario, where you go from check mark A to check mark B. They captivate and move you. Each Final Fantasy game contains such great amount of intricate plot elements, metaphorical details, and deep, underlying messages that it takes you a good amount of time and imagination to really notice and appreciate them all. So while for some of you this essay might seem far-fetched, that is only if you interpret the game literally. But with an open and analytic mind, and perhaps a good dose of noodle steam in your face, you might also see what I saw when I looked into my pot of delicious imagination.

As we all know—assuming that you've played the game—Final Fantasy X revolves heavily around religion. It's one of the most apparent themes in the game although it was convoluted by mystical creatures and corrupt politics. The first thing Tidus learns about Zanarkand, beside that it's destroyed a thousand years ago, is that the ruins, according to some Yevon thing, have become a "holy place." So straight from the bat, we know we're dealing with some spiritual matter in this whole new world we've arrived in.

So, point one: Existence of a religion. Check.

In Spira, Christianity obviously doesn't exist. Instead, this cult-like school of thought called Yevon spans over Spira, functioning as some sort of philosophy of hope for many zealous followers all over the continent. Tidus, who comes from a different time and culture, is dazed by this unheard religion because it never existed while Zanarkand was alive. In fact, it was created due to the very extinction of Zanarkand.

In many ways, the religion of Yevon does mirror Christianity, such as the existence of Bevelle, which functions similarly to the Catholic Church; the concept of sin and a higher power governing it; and the movement of Crusaders .. the name itself—'nuff said. However, Yevon does draw inspirations from other real world religions as well, particularly Buddhism with the whole ritualistic aspect of it. Other school of thoughts seem to also prevail in Spira, most notably Seymour's delusional philosophy, which can be considered a religion in itself; and the Ronso's, who has a completely different, more sacred perspective of life altogether. Nonetheless, they all tie together to meet at one inevitable point of junction: Sin.

What is Sin?

Wakka explained it very clearly when Tidus sought for explanation behind the sacredness of his destroyed blitzball city.

"Long time ago, there were a whole lot of cities in Spira. Big cities with machina—machines—to run 'em. People played all day and let the machina do the work. And then, well, take a look." 

"Sin came, and destroyed the machina cities. And Zanarkand along with 'em. Yeah, that was about a thousand years ago, just like you said. If you ask me, Sin's our punishment for letting things get out of hand."  

"What gets me, though... is we gotta suffer, 'cause of what some goofballs did way back when! 'Course, we must always repent for our sins! That's important! It's just that, it's hard to keep at it sometimes, you know?" 

Credit: Final Fantasy Worlds Apart

Doesn't this remind me you a bit about this one story where some girl ate some fruit despite not being allowed to do so—therefore ended up getting both herself and her boyfriend expelled, and this apparently ended up with the rest of us having to suffer the rest of our lives due to their lack of judgment? Hmmmm?

Sin is the manifestation of immorality, a personification of Spira's sin.

So, point two: Humans are sinful.

Now, where does Yuna play in?

There are two things that immediately come to mind when we talk about living beings that walk on water: First one is Jesus Christ, and the second one is Jesus Christ lizard, but let's focus on the more graceful walker here.

When Yuna first walked on the water, I immediately thought about Jesus Christ. Beside from the fact that Jesus pretty much is the O.G. when it comes to water-strolling, the whole atmosphere and theme of life and death made the connection really strong. I didn't think more about it for the rest of the game, but in afterthought, I'm quite fascinated by how closely Yuna's role in the game functions as the Messiah of Spira.

First of all, Yuna is a summoner.

"The summoners are practitioners of a sacred art, sworn to protect the people of Yevon. Only a chosen few become summoners, who call forth entities of great power: the aeons. The aeons hear our prayers and come down to us. They are the blessing of Yevon."

Ok, so aeons are described "entities of great power" and a "blessing" that can only be drawn forth in temples, and Yuna is the direct contact person between those holy creatures and the normal, sinful people. In a way, the aeons function as some kind of holy creatures, closely resembling divine powers of God. Now, based on the numerous Final Fantasies we've gone through, we all know that "God" doesn't really exist in the universe of Final Fantasy. Instead, it is a giant, floating piece of crystal that wields immense, destructive power with defense level -9999 as it seems to always be either shattered or stolen or both.

But back to topic: the aeons function as holy divinities that protect the people of Spira. So indirectly, the summoner wields holy power that ward off evil spirits. There are only a few people who can become summoners → Yuna is a "chosen one."

So, point three: There's a chosen one with spiritual power.

Moving on the topic of divine powers: The summoner also perform the sending, which is a type of ceremony for the dead: To rinse their body of the evil before they lay to rest.

"The dead need guidance. Filled with grief over their own death, they refuse to face their fate. They yearn to live on, and resent those still alive. You see, they envy the living. And in time, that envy turns to anger, even hate. Should these souls remain in Spira, they become fiends that prey on the living.

The summoner performs a ritual that "saves" people from turning worse than just dead—as if that's not bad enough—but also to prevent them from being engulfed by evil thoughts and turn into fiends that can possibly hunt on their friends and family. (By that definition, defeating fiends is also some sort of sending ... or well, more accurately, an exorcism). So Yuna is kind of preventing a zombie apocalypse. Kinda.

 "The sending takes them to the Farplane, where they may rest in peace."

On the note of theology, we can also make the parallel that the Farplane mirrors Heaven, where people rest in peace. The ultimate end-stop for people in Spira is to end up at the Farplane, but if they are too engulfed by darkness, they can no longer be sent there. An example is when Tidus and company faces Lady Ginnem and Yuna fails to send the latter into the Farplane because she's been in the cave for so long and has been too affected by the evil spirits surrounding her. Also, perhaps she felt too angry about her failed pilgrimage and her anger consumed her humanity.

 "There is no human left in you now, is there?"

And to connect this back to Christianity: Yuna is not only on a mission to bring peace to Spira, but also to guide the death to Heaven on the way. Doesn't that sound like a known someone who travels around the world on a mission to save humanity and purify it?

Point four: A pilgrimage is involved.

"Lady Yuna, are you going to bring us the Calm?"

In retrospect, this is one of those lines that you didn't think much about in the game but which 
completely breaks your heart after the game. Can you imagine Yuna's thoughts when she hears the hopefulness in the child's voice, asking her if she can bring the Calm, something of which the child innocently associates with happy and peaceful times while being completely ignorant the pain and sacrifice behind the summoner's promise to do so? 

Yuna has the power to defeat Sin, the consequence of humanity's wrongdoings, thanks to the holy power she borrows from supernatural deities. She's on a quest to defeat the sin of humanity, and she has to sacrifice herself in the process of doing so. 

When talking about sacrifice for humanity, it's hard to ignore the story of Jesus Christ who died on the cross in order to repent for the evilness of humanity. Summoners sacrifice themselves to bring the Calm to Spira ... almost as if they are repenting for the wrongdoings of Spira. The only issue here is that the Calm is temporary.  

Point five: Sacrifice to repent for humanity.

Now, I know that almost every hero in every fantasy out there follows the same guideline as Yuna. Naruto has had his fair of saving and sacrificing and a holy divinity inside of him. Harry Potter is the chosen one with a fancy scar to prove so. However, not every hero deals with spirituality and complete selflessness, which I think sets Yuna apart from most heroes. For most heroes, it's been about a personal gain, some kind of goal or ambition, to learn about their past etc. and triumph from it. Jesus Christ was all selfless sacrifice: Born to be the Messiah, destined to die for the people. For Yuna, it's been about Spira and death since the beginning. A pre-destination to follow her father's path. A preparation for her own death. 

Although the story and endings played out quite differently for Yuna (she never died, which is nice), she did end up sacrificing (and we all know what she sacrificed). The parallel between her and Jesus becomes more interesting because of the different twist at the ending: Final Fantasy X implies that a person cannot repent for humanity. As Yunalesca nicely put it:

"Will humanity ever attain such purity?"

No. According to Yevon, humans are sinful and always will be. But really ... what is Sin? In Final Fantasy X, it was created. And defeated. And in the process, the whole religion of Yevon fell apart with it alongside the deities. The whole cycle of death broken. So in a way, the concept of "sin" was created by the people of Spira, the human mind, and misused by the Yevon religion. Thus, a human cannot get rid of "Sin," only the concept, whatever that might be, and those who impose it. 

I hope this essay wasn't too abstract?

I kind of wrote this in a rush but WHO CARES IT'S NEW YEAR'S EVE GUYS

Jul 25, 2014

How to Deal With: Failure configuring Windows updates.

Let me guess, you're here because a this annoying piece of text is occupying your computer screen?

"Failure configuring Windows updates. Reverting changes. 
Do not turn off your computer"

Because for what other reason would you search this essay up? 
You want to get rid of this annoying situation? Well then, as Yunalesca from Final Fantasy X would say: 
"let me be your liberator." 

PS. This is for Windows 8 only.

The reason behind Windows update configuration failure is either because you have too many updates happening that your computer is unable to configure them all at the same time, or your antivirus is blocking something that makes it impossible for your computer to finish its process. Consequently, your computer either displays this message and then reverts back correctly, allowing you to access your homepage, or your computer keeps showing this text for the next 6 hours until it dies of exhaustion. If your computer is doing the latter, then it's because it's in a constant loop. 

In order to solve the failure configuration, you need to access your homepage, turn off the antivirus program, and manually install the updates. 

What to do if you're unable to access homepage:
  1. Power off the computer completely by pressing down the power button for a while until the computer "chokes" and dies.
  2. Turn the computer back on.
  3. Before any text shows up on the screen, quickly hold the shift button down (the arrow up button below CAPS LOCK) and press F8 on the keyboard repeatedly. You need to be reaaally quick when doing this! Repeated tries on this stage may be necessary if your computer doesn't bring you to the next step.

    as some of my readers suggested. Hold the shift button + F8 button down before pushing the power button to turn on the computer.

    or, if F8 does not work, try F9 instead as it worked for some people. You can try both and see which one works.
  4. Then your computer will bring you to several options. Click on "TROUBLESHOOT"

  5. Then choose "REFRESH YOUR PC."

  6. Your computer should then bring you to your homepage. 

If the method above doesn't work, then try system restore, which you can access by clicking on "ADVANCED OPTIONS" and then on "SYSTEM RESTORE" but note that this may wipe out some of your installed programs.

If you don't have a system restore point, then you may have to reset your whole computer and choose "RESET YOUR PC" which will bring your laptop back to its initial stage, with everything (programs, files) deleted.

I'm not gonna teach you how to turn off your antivirus because that's stupid.


Once you have accessed your homepage, swipe your mouse from the right corner and down, so you access the list of options. Click on SETTINGS and then on "CONTROL PANEL."

Click on "System and Security"

Click on "Check for updates" under "WINDOWS UPDATE." It'll lead you to this page:

Uncheck the box for NAME and check the individual updates below you want to install. 

My suggestion to you is that you only install maximum 13 updates at a time. If you install too many and they crash, you'll end up with the same situation as in the beginning. 

The installation of updates will take some time, ca. 15 minutes per 13 updates? You have to restart the computer after each installation finishes also, so it's a pretty time-consuming process. You don't have to install all the updates immediately, but you should do them as soon as possible in order to avoid your computer getting put in a loop when it automatically checks for and installs Windows updates again sometime in the future (ca. every 2 days). 

Hope it helped. Have fun.

Jul 15, 2014

Final Fantasy X: Analysis of Yunalesca's Speech

Just gonna post an analysis of my favorite dialogue in FFX: Yunalesca's speech. But uhm ... before I start:  If you are playing FFX and haven't heard the name "Yunalesca" yet, then you probably shouldn't be reading this essay because I'm basically gonna spoil the whole game.

I decided to dissect Lady Yunalesca's speech because when I first heard it I went kind of daaaaaaaaamn. But after losing quite a few times and having to go through that 5 minutes speech again and again and again and again and again, I actually got to absorb her words and I realized that her speech actually makes quite sense. A tad psychopathic maybe, but it still makes sense. It is beautifully phrased (kudos to the storyteller, scriptwriter and voice actor) but most of all it artistically conveys the paradox of human nature, which I find so, so fascinating.

I'm adding analysis and random thoughts as I go. If you want the analysis part of Yunalesca's speech only, scroll down until you reach the first picture.

Gatekeeper in priest's outfit: Journeyer of the long road, name yourself.
Yuna: I am the summoner Yuna. I have come from the island of Besaid.

When Tidus and his crew reached Zanarkand, the emotional momentum was already building up from the moment he walked into Zanarkand and "Someday the Dream will End" blasted out in the background. That song was literally the saddest shit I've ever heard because of the context: Tidus had finally reached back to his home, which is in absolute ruins, and Yuna was about to throw away her own life in her attempt to bring the Calm to Spira. On top of it all, Tidus and Yuna were doomed to meet an end to not only their travel but also their romantic relationship, which just makes everything 13 folds worse because ROMANCE IS TRAGIC OK. But most of all, it was because I was as much as part of the journey as everyone in the cast were. The idea of finally reaching the end of it almost made me bawl my eyes out. 

Plus not having to listen to that hippy battle theme every time I fought a monster was really relieving. I really liked how the game would smoothly transition into the battles without changing the background music. Listening to "The Dream Will End Someday" made me feel so empty and hopeless and it captured the atmosphere perfectly. It made me miserable as hell. Good job, Nobou. 

It's called "Someday the Dream will End."
If the title alone isn't depressing enough, I don't know what is.

As you Tidus proceeded to enter deeper and deeper into Zanarkand, more hidden secrets, or more accurately, memories, became unveiled. 

Wakka: Looks like the Farplane.
Auron: Close enough.

Zanarkand ruins is filled with pyreflies, the unique phenomena in Final Fantasy games that is dispersed from the body after death. The pyreflies either remain in their translucent, non-threatening state, or turn into the more dangerous forms of fiends and undeads, depending on the dead person's extent of acceptance of his/her death. The latter resulting in the tiresome endless fighting that extends the 20 hours game to full blown 80 hours+ gaming on your part. The pyreflies, although existing throughout the game, has never had such a big role until at Zanarkand, where its appearance gives the place an eerie and almost spiritual atmosphere. I mean, you're basically surrounded by souls of dead people. And not to mention, Auron died here. So this is his Farplane*

But the most important part of pyreflies is that they react to memories and recreate events from the past.
*it's also the farthest place on Spira's square plane map. So Far Plane hahaha  :D

Auron: This dome is filled with pyreflies. It's like one gigantic sphere. People's thoughts remain here. Forever.

Past summoners who have walked the exact same path, past guardians who have experienced the same fate: last moment dolorous but hopeful statements exchanged between summoner and his/her guardians, all resurfaced from the dark into sight and perfectly enhanced the expectations of what were to come.  

But most heart-breaking but fascinating of all: Auron's memories.

It's easy to forget that that Auron had already once gone through the exact same journey as Yuna is going through, although we do get reminded of that like once or twice. The reason being because he KEPT EVERYTHING TO HIMSELF THAT MOTHAFU...

Anyway, so we get to witness part of his memories, which is amazing. Considering that he's always been such a quiet and mysterious badass, actually getting into his head, like visually, is just fascinating. However, the fact remains that he knew what was going to happen all along but he never thought it was necessary to divulge it, which partly explains why he's so annoyingly calm all the time because, well, he's already experienced it. 

Auron: Yuna... We're here.
Yuna: The hall of the Final Summoning.
Auron: Go. 


Speaking of getting into heads, let's get ahead with the analysis. 

(first of all, credits goes to Auronlu's Collection for the whole dialogue. You didn't think I'd be listening and jotting down the whole speech while playing the game, did you?)

Yuna:  Sir Auron! Everyone!

The first secret is unveiled! The original fayth of the Final Summoning is dead!

First of all, it's interesting to note that Yuna immediately calls out Auron before anyone else. I'd like to imagine in my head that she went "OMFG YOU KNEW ALL ALONG DIDN'T YOU WHY DIDNT YOU JUST TELL ME I ALMOST GOT HEART ATTACK YOU MOTHAFUC..." but I doubt that's what went down in her head.  The detail doesn't have much value except that it highlights the importance of Auron in the scene because it shows that Yuna relies on and prioritizes his knowledge. Up until that point he's not really had much to contribute except being cast as permanent member in the battlefield and grunting now and then.

Tidus: Yuna, wait! Auron, you knew this was going to happen, didn't you?
Auron: Yes.
Rikku: Why didn't you tell us!?
Auron: If I had told you the truth, would that really have stopped you from coming?

He got a point, but still ... asshole.

Yuna: This isn't a fayth. It's just an empty statue.
Dome Gatekeeper: (Appearing) That statue lost its power as a fayth long ago. It is Lord Zaon, the first fayth of the Final Summoning. What you see before you is all that remains of him. Lord Zaon is...his soul is gone.
Wakka: Gone!?
Rikku: You mean, there is no Final Aeon?

For those that don't know the details, during the war between Bevelle and Zanarkand a 1000 years ago, the Final Summoning was created by Lady Yunalesca, a summoner from Bevelle who sacrificed her husband Lord Zaon to be her fayth in order to summon a powerful aeon that would destroy Sin. Lord Zaon and Yunalesca were revaeled in a sphere at some point in the game. When Yuna went into the cloister to summon the Final Aeon, she discovered that the statue of the powerful aeon is just .. an empty statue. 

Anyway, the fact that the fayth is gone is obviously a significant plot twist of the game that keeps your mouth open, but it's also significant in another way, which I will come back to later. But do note one thing: the Final Summoning is used to defeat Sin, but it's technically dead from the beginning. 

Gatekeeper: But fear not. Lady Yunalesca will show you the path. The Final Aeon will be yours. The summoner and the Final Aeon will join powers. Go to her now. Inside, the lady awaits. (Makes symbol of Yevon and vanishes)

This is the part where it starts getting interesting. It is quite ironic that the Gatekeeper in Zanarkand makes the symbol of Yevon after referring Yuna to Lady Yunalesca because Yu Yevon is who summoned Sin in the first place, and Lady Yunalesca's Final Aeon is a means to destroy Sin. There's a darker secret hidden behind this, which Yunalesca will partly reveal later in her speech.

The fact that Zanarkand Ruins is a holy place is a giant joke in itself. Holy based on what? Oh right, religion. The religion in Spira purports the idea that machina is evil, but Zanarkand used to be a city buzzing with magic imbued machina. Now that it's become ruins, it's become a holy place? So destruction is the ultimate key to purity?

*hint hint  

In fact, the whole Yu Yevon religion in Spira is a giant irony that nobody seems to have realized. They are basically worshipping the guy who put everyone in this miserable situation in the first place. I think this mirrors religion in general. The idea behind religion is always positiveit is empowering, satisfying some kind of personal dilemma, answers the unknown, creates safety and order, etc.but in the end, it always deludes everyone into losing the understanding behind its creation in the first place because it's such a vulnerable and abstract concept. We have the people of ignorance, those who follow dogmas blindly because they're told to do so *cough Wakka cough* without questioning the truth behind the system, those that take advantage of people of ignorance for sake of selfish power (Seymour and Bevelle), and then we have those who ends up completely destroying the purpose of religion in the first place and turns destructive force into faith. Yunalesca is a prime example of the latter.

While religion often becomes a political weapon and appears as an unreliable judgment, there's still truth behind religion. In fact, there's truth behind every religionwell, maybe except pokemon evolution shit. What religion accurately reveals is not the basis of life and existence of divine powers but the ultimate insight into unconcealed human psychology. Yunalesca's speech is a masterpiece that carries a lot of truth. 

Yuna: Lady Yunalesca. 

Again, the same with previous where she immediately calls Auron: a sign of respect. Kind of like "Your Holiness" because Lady Yunalesca is a sacred High Summoner, residing in a junk pile of a temple. Her interior design preferences aside, Lady Yunalesca jumps straight into her good host mode and warmly welcome the guests before throwing the ultimate bomb at them.

Yunalesca divulging to the cast the naked truth and body.

Yunalesca: Welcome to Zanarkand. I congratulate you, summoner. You have completed your pilgrimage. I will now bestow you with that which you seek. The Final Summoning...will be yours. Now, choose. 
Yuna: ... 
Yunalesca: You must choose the one whom I will change ... to become the fayth of the Final Summoning. 
[They gasp]


Yunalesca: There must be a bond, between chosen and summoner, for that is what the Final Summoning embodies: the bond between husband and wife, mother and child, or between friends. If that bond is strong enough, its light will conquer Sin. A thousand years ago, I chose my husband Zaon as my fayth. Our bond was true, and I obtained the Final Aeon. There is nothing to fear. You will soon be freed of worry and pain. For once you call forth the Final Aeon, your life will end. Death is the ultimate and final liberation. Your father, Braska, chose this path. [leaves]

I like how she just fucking leaves afterward.

This little speech segment should've already raised some heads in regards to the questionable nature of the Final Summoning practice. In my head, Lady Yunalesca's short speech sounded something like this  

"So... you want the final summoning?? It's really powerful and amazing, it's the ultimate test of true love. I really recommend it! Don't worry gurl I went through the same thaaaang. I know what you feel. You just need true bond and voila! Just like me! Like, I had my husband back then, and, we were soooo in love so yep we went through the ritual just like that and got the Final Aeon. It's just that simple! All you have to do is to ... sacrificeyourpartnerandthendieafterwards. But I mean, beside that there's really nothing to worry about! Really! Nothing! You'll soon be happy and relieved of pain. Death is wonderful. Yea! Oh and remember your daddy also chose this path also and so should you."  

Apologize if I ruined the scene for anyone, but she's wearing a pretty revealing thong and those unflattering fashionable headbands, so I can imagine her going all Valley Girl in her speech.  

Beside the fact that Yuna needs to choose a guardian to sacrifice alongside herself, everything she says is reasonable and unbiased except the last part: "You will soon be freed of worry and pain... Death is the ultimate and final liberation." This line should've raised some warning signs. But although I found it a bit odd that she'd refer to death as "liberation," she still has yet said anything too psychopathic. If you die, you do indeed get relieved of worry and pain. However, the ultimatum to attain peace was 
just too much and too sudden to digest.  

Still, I was too shocked by the fact that a guardian needs to die alongside Yuna to think deeper into it. As if sacrificing Yuna's love and future isn't enough; as if completely destroying Tidus emotionally in every way possible isn't enough; as in forcing Auron through a second painful journey, we now need to deprive someone else of his/her future as well?! All for what? The possibility of 10 years of Calm before Sin returns again and force another summoner to go on a heart-breaking journey?

The price is too much to pay. 


Auron: Sin always comes back. It comes back after the Calm every time! The cycle will continue and your deaths will mean nothing! 
Braska: But there's always a chance it won't come back this time. It's worth trying. 
Jecht: I understand what you're saying, Auron. I'll find a way to break the cycle. 
Auron: You...have a plan? 
Braska: Jecht? 
Jecht: Trust me, I'll think of something. (Laughs) 

I think this is a significant part of the main characters that isn't highlighted as much in the game, which makes it much sadder. Yes, we know that Tidus has daddy issues and yes we know that Yuna has the pressure of living up to her father, but the fact remains that they've both been deprived of parents. They're both orphans since the very start. 

Some people argue that Tidus and Yuna are like light and day, and thus don't fit together as a couple, but I think they're missing out the obvious point that that is why they fit so perfectly. Among other things, Yuna's name means "moon" in Okinawan, to oppose Tidus, whose name means "sun". This is also represented in their respective Moon and Sun Sigils used to power their Celestial Weapons. Yuna and Tidus were meant to be opposites, but if you look behind those superficial aspects, they are very compatible. Their growing up were similar. In two different worlds and cultures, maybe, but they grew up by themselves, without parents, exposed to the head-light, with one purpose in life: to live up to their deceased fathers.   

The guardians had at that point pretty much made up their mind.

That's why Auron's sudden memory outbreak of Lord Braska's interaction at that exact point was significant. It helped fuel the idea of a paradigm break. 

Especially with the sacrifice of Yuna's and Tidus' fathers. Repeating what has already been done is useless and idiotic. The method is obviously not working, and as Tidus once exclaimed dumbfoundly in the beginning of the game to the Crusaders when they proudly presented their league's purpose:

"What,you've been fighting eight hundred years and you still haven't beat [Sin]?"

Auron: And the cycle went on. 

Can you hear the pain and regret dripping from this statement? He carried on this journey alongside his friends with hope and faith, only to have the illusion of salvation shattered by the reality of doom. Deaths lost in vain in attempt to achieve a dream that can't be actualized. 

But fear not, we got a secret weapon. Insert the annoying screeching voice: Tidus.

Tidus: We'll break it! 

While Auron represents the regret and knowledge of the past, Tidus represents the youthful innovation and hopeful dreams of the future. 

Wakka: But how? What, you got a plan now? 
Lulu: If one of us has to become a fayth...I volunteer. 

Wakka: Me too, Yuna! 
Tidus: Tidus: That still won't change anything, you know? You'd bring the Calm, and then what? That won't break the cycle! 
Wakka: Listen... You wanna defeat Sin and keep Yuna alive... You don't want Sin to come back, ya? That is just not gonna happen, brudda, you know? 

Lulu: If you want everything, you'll end up with nothing. 
Tidus: But I want everything! 
Wakka: Now you're being childish! 

And Wakka and Lulu represent the stubborn followers of religion. Unable to steer away from their set paradigms.

Tidus: I don't know, but I have to try. This is my story. It'll go the way I want it...or I'll end it here. 
Yuna: Wait. You say it's your story, but it's my story, too, you know? It would be so let my fate just carry me away...following this same path my whole life through. But I know...I can't. What I do, I do...with no regrets.

Her soft voice carries strong message in this part of the game. It is easy to follow the same path as what you think is expected of you. Your parents, your peers, your teachers, society .... but at the end of the day, you gotta do what you feel is right (of course, within reason). Nobody has the right to steer your life. Yuna represents the present, with the voices of the past (Auron) and the future (Tidus) on each of her side, she makes her own decision ... with no regrets.

 Religion is a means to an end. It is used to justify and as encouragement to something that your inner self wants. It can be manipulated or used to inspire. After all, religion doesn't exist, it is created.

I need some speech courses with Lady Yunalesca. Her ethos, pathos, logos game is too strong.

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Yunalesca: Have you chosen the one to become your fayth? Who will it be? 
Yuna: Might I ask something first? Will Sin come back even should I use the Final Summoning to defeat it? 
Yunalesca: Sin is eternal. Every aeon that defeats it becomes Sin in its place... And thus is Sin reborn. 
Tidus: So that's why Jecht became Sin. 
Yunalesca: Sin is an inevitable part of Spira's destiny. It is neverending. 
Wakka: Neverending? But...but...if we atone for our crimes, Sin will stop coming back, ya? Someday, it'll be gone, ya? 
Yunalesca: Will humanity ever attain such purity? 
Wakka: Uh... 
Lulu: This...this cannot be! The teachings state that we can exorcise Sin with complete atonement! It's been our only hope all these years! 
Yunalesca: Hope is...comforting. It allows us to accept fate, however tragic it might be. 
Tidus: No!

Auron: No! Where is the sense in all this? Braska believed in Yevon's teachings and died for them! Jecht believed in Braska and gave his life for him! 
Yunalesca: They chose to die...because they had hope.
imahri protect Yuna. 

Rikku: Well, I'm fighting! 
Wakka: I can't believe we're gonna fight Lady Yunalesca! Gimme a break! 
Lulu: You can always run. 
Wakka: Hah! I'd never forgive myself--no way! Not if I ran away now. Even in death, ya! 
Lulu: My thoughts exactly. 
Tidus: Yuna! This is our story! Now let's see this thing through together. 
Yuna: (Nods and smiles) 

[They beat the stuffing out of Yunalesca]
Yunalesca: If I die, so does the Final Aeon. And with it, Spira's only hope. 
Tidus: Then we'll find Spira a new hope! 
Yunalesca: Fool. There is no other way. Even if there was... Even if you did destroy Sin... Yu Yevon the immortal would only create Sin anew. 
Tidus: Yu Yevon!? 
Yunalesca: Ah... Zaon... Forgive me... Spira has been robbed of the light of hope... All that remains is sorrow. (Dissolves) 
Yuna: I cannot believe what we just did. 
Tidus: Let's do something more unbelievable. 
Rikku: What? 
Tidus: Destroy Sin. So it won't come back, and without the Final Aeon. I don't know how just yet. But I'll find out.

Wakka: Neverending? But...but...if we atone for our crimes, Sin will stop coming back, ya? Someday, it'll be gone, ya? 
Yunalesca: Will humanity ever attain such purity? 

So Sin is by the purpose of its existence, a holy creature? 

Mind blown, yet?

Sin is a metaphorical representation of people's wrongdoings. Kind of like karma. Sin can never disappear according to Yunalesca because humans have innate greed and many vices. The interesting thing here is that "sins" are something that only humans have. We create the concept of sins out of our morals. Animals do not have the idea of what's right and wrong. The kill each other, eat each other and destroy. They also love, protect and sacrifice.

Animals live based on biological survival only while humans, due to their intelligence and emotional , create choices for themselves. These choices result in the creation of sins and vices.

Humans establish a complex order of behavior in order to organize a civilization where large amounts of people to live side by side without, well, killing each other off.

This order includes mental and emotional orders as well: you should love thy neighbor, you should not steal, you shall not kill .. Sounds familiar?

Lulu: This...this cannot be! The teachings state that we can exorcise Sin with complete atonement! It's been our only hope all these years!

Yunalesca: Hope is...comforting. It allows us to accept fate, however tragic it might be.

Tidus: No!
[Just as Tidus yells and charges, the ghost-image of young Auron reappears and does likewise, brandishing his sword]
Auron: No! Where is the sense in all this? Braska believed in Yevon’s teachings and died for them! Jecht believed in Braska and gave his life for him!
Yunalesca: They chose to die…because they had hope.
[Young Auron gives a horrible yell and leaps, and Yunalesca zaps him. He flies across the room and crumples, then fades away.]
Yunalesca: Yevon’s teachings and the Final Summoning give the people of Spira hope. Without hope, they would drown in their sorrow. Now, choose. Who will be your fayth? Who will be the one to renew Spira’s hope?
Yuna: No one. I would have gladly died. I live for the people of Spira, and would have gladly died for them. But no more! The Final Summoning…is a false tradition that should be thrown away.
Yunalesca: No. It is our only hope. Your father sacrificed himself to give that hope to the people. So they would forget sorrow.
Yuna: Wrong. My father… My father wanted…to make Spira’s sorrow go away. Not just cover it up with lies!
Yunalesca: Sorrow cannot be abolished. It is meaningless to try.
Yuna: My father… I loved him. So I… I will live with my sorrow, I will live my own life! I will defeat sorrow, in his place. I will stand my ground and be strong. I don’t know when it will be but someday, I will conquer it. And I will do it without…false hope.
Yunalesca: Poor creature. You would throw away hope. Well… I will free you before you can drown in your sorrow. It is better for you to die in hope than to live in despair. Let me be your liberator.
Auron: Now! This is it! Now is the time to choose! Die and be free of pain or live and fight your sorrow! Now is the time to shape your stories! Your fate is in your hands!
Kimahri: Yuna needs Kimahri. Kimahri protect Yuna.
Rikku: Well, I’m fighting!
Wakka: I can’t believe we’re gonna fight Lady Yunalesca! Gimme a break!
Lulu: You can always run.
Wakka: Hah! I’d never forgive myself–no way! Not if I ran away now. Even in death, ya!
Lulu: My thoughts exactly.
Tidus: Yuna! This is our story! Now let’s see this thing through together.
Yuna: (Nods and smiles) 
[They beat the stuffing out of Yunalesca]
Yunalesca: If I die, so does the Final Aeon. And with it, Spira’s only hope.
Tidus: Then we’ll find Spira a new hope!
Yunalesca: Fool. There is no other way. Even if there was… Even if you did destroy Sin… Yu Yevon the immortal would only create Sin anew.
Tidus: Yu Yevon!?
Yunalesca: Ah… Zaon… Forgive me… Spira has been robbed of the light of hope… All that remains is sorrow. (Dissolves) 

"Sorrow cannot be abolished. It is meaningless to try." That's true.

Just like how we keep on doing things that make is happy, there will be things that make us sad. The one cannot be without the other.

Usually, when people think of when the unique story of Tidus and Yuna actually starts, they say that for Tidus, it's the moment Tidus gets swallowed by Sin, and that for Yuna, it's the moment she departs from Besaid on her journey. I say nope. The moment Tidus' "our story" starts, is the moment Yuna.  


It's a bit curtailed, but in my eyes, the whole game of Final Fantasy X starting from the moment Tidus got swallowed by Sin and entered "future Spira" was simply a build up to the point Tidus reached Zanarkand. Everything in between was just preparations and extraneousalthough of course, if you didn't play the whole game, then the climax wouldn't make as much impact as it did. I often say FFX is art because it is paced and sectioned extremely well. Already before you played the game, the whole story had already been displayed to you. 

As Tidus gets up and leaves the crew, only after he first touches Yuna's shoulder and she sorrowfully accepts his departure, to stand on the hill, overlooking the ruins of Zanarkand, and somberly narrates:

"Listen to my story. This may be our last chance."

we have already been told everything there is to know. 

Tidus reach Zanarkand, and he will leave with it.